July 16, 2017

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Extra resources for A Study of international fisheries research

Sample text

It assumed that this base was a hindrance to development and had to be either transformed or completely phased out" (Kurien and Achari 1989). Fisheries research agendas during this period were shaped by opportunities for expanding production and the experience of industrial countries in achieving greater catches, by large-scale fleets, from the big stocks of individual species in temperate waters. Stock-assessment models developed in the late 1950s provided the tools to quantify, through analysis of commercial statistics, the size of fish stocks, and to identify the conditions for achieving maximum sustainable yields.

In some cases, important stocks of fish are shared by the zones of neighboring coastal states. In other cases, stocks may "straddle" economic zones and international waters outside the 200-mile limits. Oceanic tunas are both shared and straddling. Page 14 Changes in resource availability. The extension of national jurisdictions, although initiated by developing countries, also resulted because of the global scarcity of wild stocks and the increase in the value of the resources. The scarcity and the changes in value have also had other important ramifications for fishery management and development.

The Donor Consultation was organized because of a recognition that fishery development projects that have concentrated on providing infrastructure have generally had a low rate of success. The projects have often led to the overdevelopment of harvesting capacity, which, when coupled with a lack of management, has resulted in the overexploitation of resources (World Bank 1986b). It was suggested at the Consultation that lack of research could be a contributing factor, and it was agreed that research on all aspects of fisheries was needed.

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