July 16, 2017

Download Athens, & the Megarid by Hans Rupprecht Goette PDF

By Hans Rupprecht Goette

This interesting new advisor is definitely the right better half to Greece when you are a traveller with old and archaeological pursuits, because it combines functional info with impeccable scholarly examine. fantastically illustrated with over 2 hundred plates, maps, plans and drawings, this publication comprises:

* designated descriptions of routes and person websites * creative, historic, social and political historical past * exceptional insurance outdoors Athens * distinctive exploration of the post-classical, Byzantine and post-Byzantine sessions.

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Were decorated with painted limestone figures (supposedly Herakles and Triton, groups of fighting animals; see Museum). ), the plain marble metopes were reused to cover the Mycenaean fortification wall outside the Old Propylaea, while the famous Hecatompedon inscriptions (486/5 BC), the rules for seemly behaviour on the Acropolis, were inscribed on two other plain metopes. Even before 480 BC, perhaps at the time of the new democratic constitution or perhaps only after the Battle of Marathon (490 BC), a large marble temple, the Old Parthenon,48 was begun (Plate 3) to replace the old-fashioned The Acropolis 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 11115 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46111 31 Figure 12 Athens, Acropolis: Old Parthenon (black) and Parthenon (hatched).

It is the first example of such a concept in the history of European architecture. In addition to its unusual ground plan and elevation the Erechtheion was correspondingly decorated with a most sumptuous ornamentation, which went far beyond that of the Temple of Nike. The bases of the Ionic columns of the north porch are carved with a guilloche of two designs, in which bright glass beads were set. 43 The Ionic capitals had leaf gold in the eyes of the volutes, while the mouldings of bead-and-reel, egg-and-dart and Lesbian cyma, were outlined in colour.

Later the Turks built a small mosque in the inner room of the Parthenon which was now open to the sky (Figure 16). A village had long since grown up around this monument. Sometimes the ancient temples were converted into churches and sometimes the blocks from their walls were reused to build houses, thereby often being moved far from their original location. The Propylaea had already been turned into a fortress by the Franks in the thirteenth century AD and walled up (Figure 7). The stones from the Temple of Athena Nike, for example, were reused in an outwork in front of a defensive tower on the south-west corner of the Classical entrance building.

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