July 16, 2017

Download A Field Guide to Coral Reefs Caribbean and Florida by Eugene H. Kaplan PDF

By Eugene H. Kaplan

With greater than 500 species defined and greater than four hundred illustrations, this consultant offers speedy and simple visible identity of fishes, mollusks, sponges, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, and masses extra of the fauna stumbled on at the coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida.

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Additional resources for A Field Guide to Coral Reefs Caribbean and Florida (Peterson Field Guides)

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1 Schooners at Key West Sponge Docks, 1902 Source: image from the Monroe County Public Library photograph collection first Bahamian settlers in Key West during the 1840s were financially independent fishermen and wreckers; but as industry developed in Key West, opportunities for labourers increased. By 1885, six schooners were engaged exclusively in transporting Bahamians from Nassau to Key West (Blake, 1885). As word spread that there were ‘places in the world where not only a high rate of wage is paid, but the people get paid in cash’ (Powles, 1888, p88), Bahamians came to Key West in droves, contributing to the doubling of the island’s population between 1880 and 1890.

MARINE SPONGE BIOLOGY AND USES Alive on a coral reef, marine sponges superficially resemble the coral itself: large living masses shaped like barrels, long asymmetrical fingers or compact spheres. Fish and lobsters congregate around them. Hawksbill turtles sit on the seafloor and tear through their thick skin and hard skeleton to feed on the living matter inside. Biologically, they are nothing like corals or any other animal. The most basic of multicellular organisms, sponges are simple in their structural design – essentially, a series of tiny canals that direct water from the surrounding environment to deep within the sponge body where nutrients are extracted; but they host a complicated assortment of biological symbioses and chemical compounds.

Only a handful of specimens found in Maritime Canada; those that were radiocarbon dated do not predate Norse visits to Maritime Canada. Littorina littorea is not found in Iceland or Greenland, believed to be stepping stones for many North American rocky intertidal species. Littorina littorea larvae cannot survive direct crossing from Europe to North America. No fixed differences in allozyme data. No fixed differences in AFLP data. Steneck and Carlton, 2001 Archaeological evidence Ecological/natural history evidence Molecular evidence Bequaert, 1943 Willis, 1863; Verrill, 1874 Packard, 1870 Coyer et al, 2006 Chapman et al, 2007 Ganong, 1886; Johannesson, 1988; Ingolfsson, 1992; Reid, 1996 Kraeuter, 1976 Morris, 1979 Wares and Blakeslee, 2007 Note: The table lists the known historical, archaeological, ecological and molecular evidence for (a) a native origin for L.

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