July 16, 2017

Download Advances in Clinical Child Psychology: Volume 1 by Donald P. Hartmann, Brenda L. Roper (auth.), Benjamin B. PDF

By Donald P. Hartmann, Brenda L. Roper (auth.), Benjamin B. Lahey, Alan E. Kazdin (eds.)

Psychologists have lengthy been attracted to the issues of youngsters, yet within the final two decades this curiosity has elevated dramatically. The in­ tensified concentrate on scientific baby psychology displays an elevated trust that many grownup difficulties have their foundation in early life and that early therapy is frequently more advantageous than remedy at later a long time, however it additionally turns out to mirror an elevated feeling that youngsters are inherently vital of their personal correct. due to this shift in emphasis, the variety of courses in this subject has improved to the level that even full-time experts haven't been capable of hold abreast of all new advancements. Researchers within the extra easy fields of kid psychol­ ogy have numerous annual courses and journals to combine study of their components, yet there's a marked desire for such an integra­ tive booklet within the utilized section of kid and developmental psychology. Advances in scientific baby Psychology is a serial book designed to collect unique summaries of crucial advancements every year within the box. each one bankruptcy is written through a key determine in an cutting edge sector of analysis or perform or by means of a person who's relatively good certified to touch upon an issue of significant modern significance. every one writer has the stan­ dard layout within which his or her zone of analysis used to be reviewed and the medical implications of the reports have been made explicit.

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According to Strupp and Bergin (1969), "the isolation and manipulation of single variables is essential for advancing knowledge concerning the process of therapeutic change" (p. 25). When tight control is required over treatment variables, the uniform application of treatments may be difficult to achieve. Paul (1966), in his classic outcome study of public-speaking phobias, sought to en- 16 DONALD P. HARTMANN ET AL. sure the uniform application of the desensitization treatment (but not the insight treatment) by employing a specially prepared therapist manual.

Wiggins, 1973; Fiske, 1971; Kleinmuntz, 1967). There are also special biases particularly prominent in psychotherapy-outcome research such as the "hello-goodbye" effect (Hathaway, 1948), which consists of the client's thanking the therapist for help received regardless of the actual success of the therapy. Criterion bias refers to the unfair selection of measurement devices so that either the measure is unrepresentative of the measurement domain of interest or the criterion measure is not equally fair to the treatments under comparison.

The optimum conditions for avoiding this bias involve the use of personnel who are independent of the project and the treatment and who have neither knowledge of, nor a stake in the hypothesis. , pretreatment, posttreatment, and follow-up). Because blind procedures are sometimes difficult to maintain, data gatherers should be assessed regarding the degree to which they have remained unaware of the treatment conditions or the phase of the study. Beatty (1972) has described a simple procedure for assessing blindness, and Johnson and Christensen (1975) have employed a sophisticated version of this technique to test for naivete in observers who gather observational data in the homes of treated children.

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