By Stephen C. McCluskey
Historians have lengthy well-known that the rebirth of technology in twelfth-century Europe flowed from a look for historical medical texts. yet this seek presupposes wisdom and curiosity; we purely search what we all know to be necessary. The emergence of scholarly curiosity after centuries of obvious stagnation turns out paradoxical. This booklet resolves that seeming contradiction by way of describing 4 lively traditions of early medieval astronomy: one divided the yr through looking at the solar; one other computed the date of Easter complete Moon; the 3rd made up our minds the time for monastic prayers by means of looking at the process the celebs; and the classical culture of geometrical astronomy supplied a framework for the cosmos. each one of these astronomies have been sensible; they sustained the groups within which they flourished and mirrored and bolstered the values of these groups. those astronomical traditions encouraged the hunt for old studying that resulted in the medical Renaissance of the 12th century.
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Extra info for Astronomies and Cultures in Early Medieval Europe
That it is tlr omen art of the druids, and it is soothsaying that they are prâctising, for they fukc not a single step without looking up. . "' In these Irish texts we see again tlre kind of observations of nature, of the course of stars and the passage of birds, asxrciated ethnographically with soothsayers and keepers of the calendar. None of the descriptions of the druids imply scientific practices divorced from religious activities. Rather, they suggest practitioners of an astral cult, calendar kecpers, and powerful figures in the community.
Audin, "L'Omphalos de Lugdunum"; H. Leclercq, "Lyon," Dittionnaire d'Archéologie Chrétienne et de Lituryie, vol. ro (Paris: Letouzey et Ané, r93i), here col. 6. 'fhe cult of St. Justus may have lunar as well as solar elements. Twenty-nine days after the feast ttf the adventus corpois sancti Justi on 4 Àugust is the feast of the natale sanüi Justi on z September. Although this evidence indicates that an observational solar calendæ continued in use, it does ttot tell us what kind of solar observations were used.
Sites and presetrers of public peace. Bitel, Isle of the Sain*, pp. 5844, 15o-r52. McCone, "Brigit in the Seventh Century," pp. ro8-rir. M. 68, 324-338. 4, pp. r5o-rJ3. Around the yeu rooo the solar date oflughnasa fe11 on either 3r July or r August by the equal-time model, on 2 or 3 Âugust by the equal-angle rnodel. the great market of Greek ttttngËü where there is gold and fine raiment,à? These great assemblies lapsed from history by the end of the twelfth cenruÿr the Tailtiu festival continued as a local peasânt gathering until about r77o.
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